Waterfall Fountain Design Layout
Nothing adds beauty and serenity to a property quite like a running waterfall. Waterfalls can boost curb appeal, potentially increase the value of a property, and have a calming effect that creates a wonderful atmosphere. However, the engineering behind a waterfall is quite complex. In order to ensure your waterfall runs at peak efficiency, professional design is recommended. Long Island Fountain provides waterfall fountain layout design as well as installation services. We have years of experiencing designing and installing all types of commercial fountains and we can help you with your project as well.
Ready to enhance your location with a waterfall? Give us a call at 631-467-5115 or Fill out our simple contact form. We’ll help you through the entire process of designing, laying out and constructing your ideal waterfall fountain.
Waterfall Design Components & Layout Example
The diagram below illustrates the circuits and components commonly used in the daily operation of a typical waterfall fountain; including a centrifugal flooded end pump, a filtration and water treatment system, underwater lighting and the necessary electronic sensors and controls.
Below the image are descriptions for all waterfall components and how each component contributes to the fountain’s waterfall function.
Pump Section – Water is supplied via a main line and inlet (1), which is controlled by a gate valve for initial filling at the pool. A centrifugal end pump (2) recirculates water through a butterfly valve (3) for adjustment to diverter plates (4) located in the upper pool which evenly spread the water for smooth flow over the weir (waterfall). Water from the lower pool is returned to the pump via an anti-vortex plates (5), butterfly isolation valve (6), and strainer (7), for removal of coarse material and protection of the pump.
Filter Section – Water is filtered by a sand filter (8), which includes a self-priming pump independent from the main fountain group. Water is returned through a gate isolation valve (9) and, adjustable inlets (10), which can be directed to create turbulence in desired areas. Water enters the filter via an anti-vortex plate (11), surface skimmer (12), and a vacuum fitting (13); all connected to a manifold (14). Each of these lines has an isolation gate valve. The manifold is connected to the strainer on a small self-priming pump which re circulates the water from the pool through the filter. Chemical addition is accomplished by use of a small metering pump (15) on a tank which supplies hypochlorite solution. An overflow drain (16) is set to eliminate rainwater, etc., to prevent overflow. The pool can be drained via the floor drain (17), which is controlled by a valve in the valve box.
Electrical Control Section – An electronic water makeup control replaces water lost to evaporation, splashing, etc. This sensor (19) and control (20) actuates a solenoid valve (21) on the main water line to maintain water level. Probes in the sensor are set to detect high and low water limits. The underwater lighting fixtures (22) are base mounted and connected to an underwater junction box (23) by underwater cable. The junction box is conduit-connected to the control box (24), and completely potted to prevent leakage. The fixtures contain integral low water cutoffs. The lights are controlled by a timer or sequencer. The main control box (24) houses the timers for valves and pump operation, light controls, and water makeup controls. In addition, it is the center for power distribution to various components and contains circuit breakers, fuses, motor starters, etc.